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What is a Literature Review? Know the types of it

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A literature review whether long or short is basically a written thesis document that summarises a long research work. There are certain standard tips which are must be noted by every writer whenever writing any type of assignment literature review whether a dissertation, report, essay, or thesis. Additionally, the dissertation’s literature review should provide readers with a thorough comprehension of the subject matter of the literature study. In this regard, when surveyed it has also been revealed that there are so many reasons why the students either intentionally or by mistake perform plagiarism in their paper works of content which should not be done, strictly. When writing a literature review, the right structure creates a suitable framework that aids readers in comprehending how the various components of the literature relate to one another. A good literature review has a certain format that includes a long list of elements such as an in-depth analytical process, critical evaluation, and discussion on all the concepts, thoughts, ideas, and models which are present in the topic along with the utilisation of suitable methods and models.

What are the essential tips that need to be added while writing dissertations?

Whenever any writing is done, before that there should be enormous and rigorous research work to pick up the best suitable data and information, another tip to remember while writing the literature review writing must provide an improved research methodology. It accompanies the furnishing of a wide and broadened knowledgeable base depending on which the literature reviews of the assignment content subject area. The significance of writing the literature review retells the whole content of the dissertation writing into a short description of each of the sources in the literature review. Also, the literature review involves a paradox process concerning the literature study analysis along with revealing the contextualization relevant to the data sample and findings of the research work. In this process of literature review writing, regarding the data which is gathered relevant to the literature review, the most important thing is the creation of the few needed things like tables, charts, etc. things.

While writing a literature review, it is impossible to confine the direction of the content always to be in a positive direction or praise anything. Even if the content produces no such useful data in their assignment, still they can achieve a first-class grade on the paper if they can pick an attractive topic. If a literature review is needed to be in a criticising manner or needs to point out negative views, the writer must not be afraid of that and should do whatever it takes to make the content of the best quality. There are data statistics also which are required for demonstrating the strengths and weaknesses across variations in the findings. A literature review must be divided into various sections or chapters and should also contain needed headings and sub-headings. But these divisions don’t need to always be in numbered form, there can be other ways too to name or categorise the literature review of the assignment content.

There is a wide range of categories when it comes to the types of literature reviews according to the type of writing and topic-related matters, some of them are:

1. Traditional or Narrative literature reviews – It is the most common and widely used type of literature review which mainly identifies those reviews only which are published based on a particular topic which sometimes can be broad also. This pattern is typically such a type that primarily narrates or presents an elaborated description through an approach to the review findings including the wide range of subject-related matters. This category takes around 1 to 4 weeks of the total time to finish the whole content and the number of reviewers needed is only 1.

2. Annotated bibliographies – The annotation type of bibliography is also a pattern of literature review which is descriptive, in nature presenting the summary of the overall topic into the literature content, critically adding only fitting data into it by combining different types of writing styles and formats in it.

3. General Systematic literature reviews – The systematic literature review patterns contain certain key principles which include focus, clarity, transparency, equality, accessibility, coverage, and integrity. All of these principles are required to be applied in the writing of the overall content of the literature review. In the systematic literature review pattern, there should always be followed a clear and definite protocol or strategic plan where the whole criteria are stated with clarity in it before starting the review conduction. This type of literature review also identifies the type of information which is to be searched, then critiqued, and finally reported within the allotted timeframe.

4. Simple scoping reviews – It is such a type of literature review that has some definite steps to conduct it. The first step is to identify all the research-related questions which are answerable and which are not and then classify them accordingly. The second step is to bring the protocol into use since without that no literature can be formed and shaped. The third step is to conduct the related research work for gathering all the needed information. The next and fourth step is to choose and select the information which is to be added to the literature. The fifth step is to appraise the articles critically and access the risks and biases in reviewing. The last and sixth step is to extract the structural data from the bunch of data collected and synchronise and synthesize them into the literature data.


In conclusion, it is clear that a literature review is an essential component of any research project as it summarises and evaluates the previous research on a specific topic. It is important to understand the different kinds of literature reviews, as each can provide valuable insights that can then be used to inform further research and investigation.